要回国了,写个简单的总结吧。

一亩三分地论坛

 找回密码
 Sign Up 注册获取更多干货
码农求职神器Triplebyte:
不用海投
内推多家公司面试
坐标湾区
Games Startup
招聘游戏开发工程师
游戏初创公司招聘工程师、UIUX Designer和游戏策划
把贵司招聘信息放这里
系统
43秒前
全站
46秒前
系统
1分钟前
系统
4分钟前
系统
4分钟前
系统
4分钟前
系统
5分钟前
系统
5分钟前
全站
Warald 说: MemorialDay大礼包之二:【新功能】论坛开启用户全局威望值,每楼右上方均可投票。
32分钟前
全站
Warald 说: MemorialDay大礼包之一:【新功能】发帖后,可以邀请朋友参与讨论(自动功能)
39分钟前
查看: 2270|回复: 21
收起左侧

[PS/CV] How to Write a Great Statement of Purpose - Vince Gotera

[复制链接] |试试Instant~ |关注本帖
我的人缘0
tomdarling 发表于 2014-2-28 16:13:51 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  此人很可信:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
  此人瞎逼逼:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】

注册一亩三分地论坛,查看更多干货!

您需要 登录 才可以下载或查看,没有帐号?Sign Up 注册获取更多干货

x
   搜集了大量的文章关于如何写好PS,这篇是我看过的写的做好的,没有之一。所以分享给大家!哎。。。都申请结束了才看到,有点小遗憾...><

                                                      How to Write a Great Statement of Purpose  
                                                                        Vince Gotera.本文原创自1point3acres论坛
                                                           English Language and Literature
                                                               University of Northern Iowa

                                                                       January 2006


The Statement of Purpose required by grad schools is probably the hardest thing you will ever write. (Incidentally, the statement of purpose may also be called an Application Essay, Objectives for Graduate Study, Personal Background, Cover Letter, or some comparable title.)
I would guess virtually all grad-school applicants, when they write their first draft of the statement of purpose, will get it wrong. Much of what you have learned about writing and also about how to present yourself will lead you astray. For example, here's an opening to a typical first draft:




I am applying to the Master of Fine Arts program in creative writing at the University of Okoboji because I believe my writing will blossom at your program since it is a place where I will be challenged and I can hone my writing skills.  

How's that? It's clear, it's direct, and it "strokes" the MFA program, right? Wrong. All of it is obvious and extraneous. . 一亩-三分-地,独家发布

. 1point 3acres 论坛The admissions committee knows you are applying to their MFA program because everyone in the stacks of applications they are reading is applying for the same thing. The admissions committee will also know that your writing will "blossom" there since they feel they have a strong program. Of course you will be challenged — all undergrads going on to a grad program will be challenged, no matter how well-prepared they think they are. And of course the new grad student will "hone [her] writing skills" — isn't that the main purpose of the MFA program?

Let's assume the required length of this particular program's statement of purpose is 300 words. Well, with this opening you will have used up 15% of your space saying virtually nothing. 15%!
. visit 1point3acres for more.
In fact, not only is this opening paragraph obvious, extraneous, and space-stealing, it's boring! Imagine who's reading this and where: five professors "locked" in a room with 500 applications. Do you think this opening paragraph will command their attention? Will they read the rest of this statement of purpose with an open mind that this applicant is the kind of student they want? Will they remember this application later? You be the judge.

Remember what you learned in first-year composition? You need a "hook."

A former student of mine applying to enter a master's program in library science had a great hook. I don't remember Susan's exact words, but the opening paragraph of her statement of purpose went something like this:


When I was eleven, my great-aunt Gretchen passed away and left me something that changed my life: a library of about five thousand books. Some of my best days were spent arranging and reading her books. Since then, I have wanted to be a librarian.  
. 1point 3acres 论坛
Okay ... it's clear, it's direct, it's 45 words, and, most important, it tells the admissions committee about Susan's almost life-long passion not just for books but for taking care of books. When the committee starts to discuss their "best picks," don't you think they'll remember her as "the young woman who had her own library"? Of course they will, because having had their own library when they were eleven would probably be a cherished fantasy for each of them!
. from: 1point3acres
Suppose Susan had written this opening paragraph instead:




I am honored to apply for the Master of Library Science program at the University of Okoboji because as long as I can remember I have had a love affair with books. Since I was eleven I have known I wanted to be a librarian.  

That's 45 words too. Do you think the admissions committee will remember this application among the 500 applications they are wading through? Probably more than half of the applications, maybe a lot more than half, will open with something very similar. Many will say they "have had a love affair with books" — that phrase may sound passionate until you've read it a couple of hundred times.

All of us have had some event, some experience, like my student's personal library at eleven, which drives us toward the discipline(s) we inhabit. I was speaking to a group of students recently about this. One student — let's call her Jennifer — said she wanted to get a master's degree in speech therapy. When I asked her why, Jennifer said she had taken a class in it for fun and really loved it. But then I pressed her: was there some personal reason she found that field significant enough to spend her whole life doing it? At first Jennifer said no, but after more questioning she revealed that her brother had speech problems. This was a discovery to her; she had not entered the field with that connection in mind — at least not consciously. But there it was; Jennifer now had her hook.

You have to really dig. Be introspective. Don't settle for "I love this field." Why do you love this field? Why do you want to work in this field for the rest of your life? Why does it complete you? Cut through the bull you tell your parents and relatives and friends. What is your truth? Find it and then find a memorable way to say it. Grad schools require the statement of purpose not only because they want to find about you as an applicant, they want you to really think about why you are taking such a life-changing step — truly and profoundly why.

Okay, back to the scene of the five professors surrounded by stacks of applications, maybe more than 500. Do you know who they are? What they want? What they like to eat? Obviously, no. Conversely, do they know you? Well, no. But ... the statement of purpose is your chance to help them get to know you! Your statement of purpose should portray you as a person, not just an application among hundreds of others. Not just paper and ink.

Here's one way to do it. When I was an undergrad senior first applying for grad schools, I knew a grad student — I'll call him Nigel — who told me he had written a three-sentence statement of purpose to get into stanford:


I want to teach English at the university level. To do this, I need a PhD. That is why I am applying.  

That was the whole thing. That's only half of 45 words. It certainly portrays Nigel as brash, risk-taking, no-nonsense, even arrogant. If this is how you want to portray yourself, then by all means do this. But you should also know that Nigel's statement of purpose is an all-or-nothing proposition. You can bet there will be members of probably any admissions committee who will find Nigel's statement of purpose offensive, even disrespectful. And they might not want such a student at their school. But then I suppose Nigel wouldn't want to be a student at that school, either.

Try to make your paper-and-ink self come alive. Don't just say, "I used to work on an assembly line in a television factory, and one day I decided that I had to get out of there, so I went to college to save my own life." How about this: "One Thursday, I had soldered the 112th green wire on the same place on the 112th TV remote, and I realized the solder fumes were rotting my brain. I decided college would be my salvation." Both 35 words. Which narrative do you think will keep the admissions committee reading? . 一亩-三分-地,独家发布

Tell stories (briefly). Use vivid language. Be specific. Be dynamic. Liven up a moment in the lives of those five professors trapped with those 500 applications. Maybe 600. Maybe more. . 1point 3acres 论坛

At the same time, be careful not to be glib. Don't be slick. Don't write your application in a sequence of haiku. Don't put in photos. Just be yourself, but a more heightened version of yourself in words (since face-to-face nuance and gestures won't be there to help).
来源一亩.三分地论坛.
Remember your statement of purpose should portray you as (1) passionately interested in the field; (2) intelligent; (3) well-prepared academically and personally; (4) able to take on the challenges of grad school; (5) able to have rapport with professors and fellow grad students — in other words, collegial; (6) able to finish the graduate degree in a timely fashion; and (7) a potentially outstanding representative of that grad school in your future career.
. 1point 3acres 论坛
That's a lot to cover in a few hundred words (the length of a statement purpose, as required by different schools, tends to be around 300 to 1000 words). "Passionate interest in the field" will be covered by the kind of hook I have described above. "Intelligence" will be conveyed by the overall writing, organization, expression, etc. of your statement. Being "well-prepared" can be demonstrated by using the lingo of the field (theory, craft, etc.), describing the specific kinds of coursework and other accomplishments you have in the field. Ability "to take on the challenges of grad school" can be shown by describing the rigor of the work you have done. "Collegiality" is not particularly important but is nevertheless a factor — if you can show yourself as a generally nice and cooperative person, that will do — just be true to your own style. Ability "to finish the graduate program" can be conveyed implicitly by your success thus far and more explicitly if you can tell some (brief) story about adverse obstacles you have overcome. Being a "future outstanding representative" can be implied by your being an outstanding representative of your undergraduate school — for example, don't "bad-mouth" your current college or professors.

Often, grad schools will ask you to address other or similar qualities as I've listed above. Just use common sense in focusing on each. Don't address them in the same order as the grad school has listed. Combine them; rearrange them; do whatever you need to do to show yourself as an imaginative person, not a parrot following a line of Brazil nuts to crack.

If you have some problematic academic background, address that as well to reassure the admissions committee. For example, let's say that you got all C's one semester. Take a (brief) paragraph to explain that you had some emotional setback that semester but then demonstrate how your grades have been sterling since then, and that you now have a 3.83 grade-point average in the discipline. If you spin this well, your story will enhance the admissions committee's image of you as someone with the abilities to "take on challenges" and "to finish on time." . 1point3acres
. 1point 3acres 论坛
Here's an organization I would recommend: (1) passionate hook; (2) segué to your background in the field; (3) specific classes by title and professors you have had (especially if well-known in the field); (4) related extracurricular activities (especially if they hint at some personal quality you want to convey); (5) any publications or other professional accomplishments in the field (perhaps conference presentations or public readings); (6) explanations about problems in your background (if needed); and (7) why you have chosen this grad school (name one or two professors and what you know of their specific areas or some feature of the program which specifically attracts you).

I should probably expand on item 7. This is a practical issue as well. If you are applying to ten grad schools, it's a mismanagement of time to write ten separate, tailored statements of purpose. Items 1 through 6 above can be exactly the same for all the statements. Then when you get to item 7, put in a different paragraph for each school. Remember this means the ten statements will all be as long, in terms of word count, as the shortest required length among the ten schools. If the shortest length is 300 words, probably that length will be okay for the 500-word school (in fact the admissions committee at the 500-word place may see you as savvy for not going on and on). But those 300 words will clearly not work for the 1200-word school, so you'll need to expand that one. Don't pad. Find other engaging material in your background.

About mentioning professors at each grad school: doing this will portray you as someone "who has done her homework," as someone who is genuinely interested in the field, enough to have done some prefatory work in that area. Don't just mention their names (anyone who can browse a web site can do that). Say something of substance about each professor by name, something that reveals you know and appreciate that person's work. Don't necessarily pick the most famous professor at the grad school; chances are many other applicants will do the same, and the admissions committee members will soon be unconsciously filtering those mentions out. (Besides, the most famous professor doesn't always work with all graduate students or may be out of town half the year, and you may come off as naive if you say you're looking forward to working with her.) Find a lesser-known professor whose work truly intrigues you (and truly is the operational word here). Then say something about what you know of that professor's work — remember that person may be on the admissions committee. Don't suck up — don't be a sycophant. Be fair and honest.
-google 1point3acres
Be sure to show your statement of purpose to several professors. Remember they will have different ideas about what constitutes an appropriate and effective statement of purpose. If one of your professors has a connection with a specific grad school, she may have some inside knowledge about what kind of statement of purpose will work best at that school. Make your final editing decisions based on what will convey you most accurately as you see it. Again, be specific, be dynamic, come alive on paper. Continue to get advice from your professors on later drafts.

Proofread your statement of purpose. Copyedit for consistency, accuracy, and style. Ask your friends to copyedit and proofread your statement; perhaps you can do the same for them if they are also applying for grad school.

Remember that style in writing can be parallel to style in dress: the second affects your image in person while the first affects your image when you may not be present. Leaving in typos and misplaced commas is like dressing in your grubbies for a coat-and-tie / cocktail dress event. Being too wordy is comparable to dressing in an evening gown or a tuxedo for a casual get-together. Being too glib, too mannered, may be like wearing a furry rabbit costume to a party which turns out not to be a Halloween bash. Be careful. Be a perfectionist.

Keep working on your statement of purpose even after you have sent it to the school(s) with the earlier deadline(s). You might have a later epiphany about your personal and academic background, your motives for applying for grad school, your long-term plans, and this epiphany may be just the thing that gets you into the school(s) with the later deadline(s).

To close, the statement of purpose, in the eyes of Department Heads, Program Chairs, and Admissions Committee members, can be the most important document in the application. Other parts of your graduate-school application — test scores, transcripts, letters of recommendation, writing samples — do not say as much about you as a person as the statement of purpose can: your proudest accomplishments alongside your fondest hopes and dreams.


. From 1point 3acres bbs
Checklist for Writing a Statement of Purpose
Vince Gotera | University of Northern Iowa



[  ]   Organization ...
   
. from: 1point3acres .本文原创自1point3acres论坛
         [  ]   A "hook" that demonstrates your passion for the field
   
         [  ]   Segué to your background in the field
   
         [  ]   Description of your academic background in the field
   

                  [  ]   Specific classes you have taken, given by name
   
                  [  ]   Specific professors you have had, especially if well-known in that field
   

         [  ]   Extracurricular activities in the field
   
         [  ]   Publications or other professional accomplishments in the field (perhaps conference presentations or public readings)
   
         [  ]   Explanations about problems in background (if needed) . From 1point 3acres bbs
   
         [  ]   Explanation of why you have chosen the specific grad school .1point3acres网
   

                  [  ]   Mention one or two professors in that school and what you know of and appreciate about their work
   
                  [  ]   Specific features of the grad program which attract you   

[  ]   Get advice from several of your professors — philoSOPhical advice as well as specific writing advice
   

[  ]   Proofread and copyedit; ask friends to proofread and copyedit as well
   

[  ]   Keep working on the statement of purpose, even after you have already sent it to school(s) with earlier deadline(s)  

评分

8

查看全部评分


上一篇:美国教授的回复,这是神马情况?
下一篇:Clemson University 面经
我的人缘0
CankerHereAgain 发表于 2014-11-6 08:19:08 | 显示全部楼层
  此人很可信:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
  此人瞎逼逼:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
仔细看了看真的很好啊!绝对不是假大空!
感觉比Berkeley网站上的好很多. 一亩-三分-地,独家发布
还有对照的list可以check. more info on 1point3acres

楼主这样发上来看起来太累了. more info on 1point3acres
我吧楼主的文章稍稍 排了版
这样看起来清楚一点!

补充内容 (2014-11-6 08:22):
为什么还要扣分下载 我传网盘连接好了
链接: http://pan.baidu.com/s/1dDlaV1R 密码: 9859. 一亩-三分-地,独家发布

补充内容 (2014-11-6 08:23):
. 一亩-三分-地,独家发布
求支持一下到2楼~~~

How to Write a Great Statement of Purpose.pdf

137.29 KB, 下载次数: 16, 下载积分: 大米 -1 升

评分

3

查看全部评分

回复 支持 2 反对 0

使用道具 举报

我的人缘0
adverb 发表于 2014-2-28 18:12:53 | 显示全部楼层
  此人很可信:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
  此人瞎逼逼:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
cover letter 之前被我整错了,原来是求职信的意思! 学习了.
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

我的人缘0
 楼主| tomdarling 发表于 2014-2-28 20:20:47 | 显示全部楼层
  此人很可信:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
  此人瞎逼逼:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

我的人缘0
adverb 发表于 2014-3-1 07:18:00 | 显示全部楼层
  此人很可信:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
  此人瞎逼逼:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】

我也是。。。。
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

我的人缘0
oscarlyz 发表于 2014-8-3 20:37:54 | 显示全部楼层
  此人很可信:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
  此人瞎逼逼:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
写的很好啊!基本囊括了很多帖子中说的要点。
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

我的人缘0
yy80884676 发表于 2014-8-5 15:54:25 | 显示全部楼层
  此人很可信:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
  此人瞎逼逼:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
hook 感觉这个很有道理恩  画面感!
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

我的人缘0
ekillived 发表于 2014-8-6 21:24:01 | 显示全部楼层
  此人很可信:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
  此人瞎逼逼:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
先马 到时再仔细读读
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

我的人缘0
qzz1010 发表于 2014-8-9 21:11:12 | 显示全部楼层
it take times digging myself
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

我的人缘0
9868muqing 发表于 2014-8-20 07:12:55 | 显示全部楼层
  此人很可信:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
  此人瞎逼逼:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
非常好的建议,正好需要!!感谢楼主!!
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

我的人缘0
喜马拉雅疯子 发表于 2014-8-27 23:30:06 | 显示全部楼层
  此人很可信:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
  此人瞎逼逼:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
马克一个。。最近正在搞这个
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

我的人缘0
panyx0718 发表于 2014-9-2 10:05:55 | 显示全部楼层
  此人很可信:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
  此人瞎逼逼:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
ps写的好纠结,总是不知道该重点强调哪方面,看了lz的帖子受益匪浅。
另外,ps有字数限制嘛?一般是1000字一下嘛?
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

我的人缘0
ichigo 发表于 2014-9-2 23:58:10 | 显示全部楼层
  此人很可信:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
  此人瞎逼逼:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
刚准备开始写ps,谢谢分享,学习了!
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

我的人缘0
kanlicheerful 发表于 2014-9-24 09:11:42 | 显示全部楼层
  此人很可信:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
  此人瞎逼逼:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
正在找ps写作指导,写得起非常好,受用!
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

我的人缘0
woodpecker17 发表于 2014-9-29 15:56:16 | 显示全部楼层
  此人很可信:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
  此人瞎逼逼:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
great thanks!!!
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

我的人缘0
yijingru 发表于 2014-10-7 11:27:14 | 显示全部楼层
  此人很可信:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
  此人瞎逼逼:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
好东西,受用
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

我的人缘0
Alex- 发表于 2014-10-7 11:36:36 | 显示全部楼层
  此人很可信:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
  此人瞎逼逼:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
这真是极好的
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

我的人缘0
zhuhua012 发表于 2014-10-12 15:44:35 | 显示全部楼层
最近正在学习写PS,感觉看了以后收获很大,但是这个hook并不是很了解。。。求指导。。。
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

我的人缘0
mazijun 发表于 2014-10-12 18:06:14 | 显示全部楼层
  此人很可信:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
  此人瞎逼逼:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
真的很有用。。自己最近也在写ps~参考一下
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

我的人缘0
cyzlmh 发表于 2014-10-13 13:12:34 | 显示全部楼层
  此人很可信:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
  此人瞎逼逼:
 
0% (暂未有人投票) 【我投】
正在写ps,感觉很有帮助,谢谢楼主
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

本版积分规则

提醒:发帖可以选择内容隐藏,部分板块支持匿名发帖。请认真读完以下全部说明:

■隐藏内容方法: [hide=200]你想要隐藏的内容比如面经[/hide]
■意思是:用户积分低于200则看不到被隐藏的内容
■可以自行设置积分值,不建议太高(200以上太多人看不到),也不建议太低(那就没必要隐藏了)
■建议只隐藏关键内容,比如具体的面试题目、涉及隐私的信息,大部分内容没必要隐藏。
■微信/QQ/电子邮件等,为防止将来被骚扰甚至人肉,以论坛私信方式发给对方最安全。
■匿名发帖的板块和方法:http://www.1point3acres.com/bbs/thread-405991-1-1.html

关闭

一亩三分地推荐上一条 /5 下一条

手机版|小黑屋|一亩三分地论坛声明

custom counter

GMT+8, 2018-5-27 13:36

Powered by Discuz! X3

© 2001-2013 Comsenz Inc. Design By HUXTeam

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表