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[词汇] M-W Vocabulary builder: Unit 5

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     楼主| K姐 2011-9-28 06:45:26 | 显示全部楼层
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    Mal
    (malady - illness) malodorous  malpractice, malefactor- benefactor
    malign: the two girls maligned each other with vulgar languages.
    malicious: She hurled malicious accusations at her husband's new paramour.
    malevolent: The two countries hold each other as malevolent foes.
    malnutrition: nowadays in developed countries, malnutrition often stems from bad eating habits, and people with malnutrition are often fat.

    cata
    catalyst 催化剂
    catalogue
    cataclysm: earthquakes, hurricanes, as well as world wars are cataclysms that reshaped people's lives.
    catacomb: underground, interconnected tomb/cemetery
    catatonic - I was lecturing away on the stage, oblivious to the catatonic stupor in the students.

    prot/proto
    prototype: The best practice for design innovation is to come up with a quick and dirty prototype, put it to use and tinker with the design gradually.
    protocol: If you were to participate in this forum, you should observe the protocols of participation here.
    . check 1point3acres for more.protoplasm 原生质 cytoplasm细胞质. 1point3acres
    protagonist (hero正面角色) vs. antagonist (负面角色)

    ante
    antebellum: prior to (the Civil) War
    antedate: Just because event A antedates event B, does not make event A the antecedent of event B, nor the cause of event B.
    antechamber: the spare room in front of my bedroom now serves as an antechamber where my friends sometimes stop by.. 1point3acres
    antecedent 代词所指; 前辈 (~ precursor)
    anterior (front)<-> posterior  (interior, exterior )

    ortho
    orthodontics
    orthopedic (correction of the skeleton)
    orthodox (conventional) He rebels against all tradition and embraces all kinds of unorthodox thoughts.
    orthography the spell check functions nowadays almost make orthography obsolete.

    rect
    rectify: rectify an unfortunate situation,  even though we have a strict protocol against spammers, we give ample opportunities to newcomers to earn credits on this forum, to rectify an impression that we do not welcome newcomers.
    rectitude (probity, moral integrity)
    rectilinear (Modern architecture employs more rectilinear features than traditional architecture).
    directive - we received a direction to all board masters regarding cleaning up of spam.

    eu
    euphemism - "hitting the head" is a euphemism for "going to the restroom", since in the old times when boats go by sail, the bathroom is usually located in the anterior of the boat, in order for the smell not to spread to the rest of the boat.
    eulogy - His protracted eulogy send the audience into a catatonic state
    eugenics  - Eugenics employed by the Nazis brought about cataclysm to the Jewish.. 1point3acres
    euphoria - the successful IPO swept up the long term supporters

    dys
    dysfunctional
    dysplasia
    dyslexia
    dystopia <-> Utopia, 1984 is a typical novel of dystopia. check 1point3acres for more.
    dyspeptic - Badly under cooked food make me dyspeptic. She has always been a dyspeptic, complaining and grouchy all the time.


    Latin borrowings:
    a priori (infer from general to specific) - a posterior
    a fortiori (if second rate programmers get employed for such a salary, then, a fortiori, first class hackers should get even better employment)
    bona fide - we established a filtering mechanism to and enforced a deposit to find bona fide buyers.
    carpe diem - live like there is no tomorrow
    caveat emptor (buyer beware), caveat lector (reader beware)
    corpus delicti - You may have the witness testimony, but without (material evidence) corpus delicti, the jury will never convict.
    curriculum vitae
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