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[OPT] Withdrawal!拜登政府撤销了F/J签证固定有效期限的提案

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本帖最后由 QueenieV 于 2021-7-8 07:21 编辑

Establishing a Fixed Time Period of Admission and an Extension of Stay Procedure for Nonimmigrant Academic Students, Exchange Visitors, and Representatives of Foreign Information Media
. check 1point3acres for more.
A Proposed Rule by the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement on 07/06/2021

AGENCY:
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, DHS.

ACTION:
Notice of proposed rulemaking; withdrawal.

SUMMARY:
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is withdrawing a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) that published on September 25, 2020. The NPRM proposed to revise DHS regulations governing the length of stay for F, J, and certain I nonimmigrants.

DATES:
DHS withdraws the NPRM at 85 FR 60526 as of July 6, 2021.

ADDRESSES:
The docket for this withdrawn proposed rule is available at http://www.regulations.gov. Please search for docket number ICEB-2019-0006.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:. 1point3acres
Sharon Hageman, Regulations Unit Chief, Office of Policy and Planning, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Department of Homeland Security, 500 12th Street SW, Washington, DC 20536. Telephone 202-732-6960 (not a toll-free number).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
On September 25, 2020, DHS published an NPRM titled, “Establishing a Fixed Time Period of Admission and an Extension of Stay Procedure for Nonimmigrant Academic Students, Exchange Visitors, and Representatives of Foreign Information Media” (85 FR 60526). The NPRM proposed to eliminate the duration of status admission period for F, J and certain I nonimmigrants and replace it with a fixed time period. Nonimmigrants seeking to remain in the United States beyond their fixed period of admission would have been required to apply for an extension of stay directly with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services or to depart the country and apply for admission with U.S. Customs and Border Protection at a port of entry.

In response to the NPRM, DHS received more than 32,000 comments during the 30-day public comment period. More than 99 percent of commenters opposed the proposed rule with many commenters specifically requesting that DHS withdraw the NPRM.[1] Less than 1 percent expressed support for the proposed rule with such commenters generally supporting the proposed rule because they believed it would deter illegal immigration, protect U.S. workers, and stop espionage. The commenters who opposed the NPRM argued that it discriminates against certain groups of people based on their nationality. They also argued that it would significantly burden the foreign students, exchange scholars, foreign media representatives, and U.S. employers by requiring extension of stays in order to continue with their programs of study or work. Commenters additionally noted the proposed rule would impose exorbitant costs and burdens on foreign students, scholars, and media representatives due to the direct cost of the extension of stay application fee, as well as the lost opportunity cost of not being able to begin their work on time if the extension were not adjudicated by the government in a timely fashion. Commenters argued U.S. employers would be similarly burdened by the proposed changes because many noncitizens may not be able to apply for an extension of stay or have it approved in a timely fashion, thereby delaying the possible start dates of employees and/or cause them to lose potential job candidates. Finally, commenters suggested that the breadth of the changes in the proposed rule are more than what is necessary to protect the integrity of nonimmigrant programs.

On February 2, 2021, President Biden issued Executive Order 14012, “Restoring Faith in Our Legal Immigration Systems and Strengthening Integration and Inclusion Efforts for New Americans.” Section 3(a)(i), instructs the Secretary of Homeland Security to identify barriers that impede access to immigration benefits. 86 FR 8277, (Feb. 5, 2021). (“E.O. 14012”). Having reviewed the public comments received in response to the NPRM in light of Executive Order 14012, DHS believes some of the comments may be justified and is concerned that the changes proposed unnecessarily impede access to immigration benefits. DHS still supports the goals of the NPRM to protect the integrity of programs that admit nonimmigrants in the F, J, and I classifications but not in a way that conflicts with Executive Order 14012. Accordingly, we are withdrawing the NPRM and will analyze the entirety of the NPRM in the context of the directive in E.O. 14012 to determine what changes may be appropriate and consistent with DHS's needs, policies, and applicable law. As such, DHS may engage in a future rulemaking to protect the integrity of programs that admit nonimmigrants in the F, J, and I classifications in a manner consistent with Executive Order 14012.

Authority: As stated in the NPRM, DHS has general and specific statutory authority to regulate the admission of nonimmigrants. 8 U.S.C. 1103, 1184(a); 85 FR 60526. DHS is withdrawing the NPRM using those same authorities.

Alejandro N. Mayorkas,

Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security.

Footnotes
1.  Comments may be viewed at the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS) at http://www.regulations.gov, docket number USCIS-2019-0006.

Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 2021-13929 Filed 7-2-21; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 9111-28-P


来源:https://www.federalregister.gov/ ... re-for-nonimmigrant

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Warald 2021-7-9 02:29:50 | 显示全部楼层
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这个撤销/withdrawl 对应的是去年地里这个热帖:
https://www.1point3acres.com/bbs/thread-672141-1-1.html

当时,特朗普政府提议:F和J签证合法停留时间缩短为2-4年,用EOS代替现行的D/S来管理留学生。

于是,就有了 @QueenieV 开启、也被我们无数次编辑和提升的那个帖子《写给全美华人和留学生:美国政府新规会让OPT名存实亡,大家行动起来!》。我们也在公众号里发文,号召大家行动起来,参与公示。我们当时也提醒大家:comments一定要substantive,言之有据。而不是单纯的支持或者反对。

这32000条comments里,相信有很多是地里同学们灌的。
这次美国政府withdrawl proposal的通知里,能看到,他们参考了大家的回复。“The commenters who opposed the NPRM argued that ...” 后面提到的各种观点都是在地里被大家反复讨论过的。最终,拜登政府撤销 特朗普政府提案的理由,也正是我们预期中的:
Having reviewed the public comments received ..., DHS believes some of the comments may be justified and is concerned that the changes proposed unnecessarily impede access to immigration benefits. ... we are withdrawing the NPRM...
. check 1point3acres for more.
也许这背后有很多政治考量是我们接触不到的,但是,至少,我们当时努力提供了“刀子”,让现任DHS可以名正言顺的把去年那个不合理的法规“砍掉”。

去年面对重重压力,也有同学疑问:
1.  “美国总统出手对付我们,我们还有希望吗?” 以及
2. “2020年留学生人数比2015年多,为什么2015年OPT延期有5万多条评论,而今年这次只有3万多,是不是一代不如一代?”  

我当时也写了个文章 《DHS缩短留学生停留时间的新规公示结束了,我的一些想法》,分析了为什么评论数量上有差距,也表明了我的观点:写评论这件事,从“评论数量”上来看,我觉得满意,也给在逆境中 take action的众多小伙伴们点赞!

无论是2015年OPT延期【当时美国政府站在我们这边】,还是2020年对抗DHS缩短留学生居留时间【当时美国政府站在我们的对立面】,很高兴地里有一批小伙伴们,大家一起站岗到结束!

往年,大家敬仰和感谢2015年的留学前辈们,他们当年的积极行动,让OPT延期成为一项政策,惠及数代留学生;
2020年,积极行动的你们,和你们留在地里的帖子,也成为留学生历史的一部分了。

这届留学生,也很棒!!!

有些小伙伴们会留在美国工作和生活一段时间,那今后的若干年里,我们还会面对各种政策风波的。
从来就没有什么救世主;遇到困难先自救,先问问自己是否尽力了。keep fighting!
谢谢大家的参与和支持!


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BobbyBear 2021-7-9 02:35:07 来自APP | 显示全部楼层
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Warald 发表于 2021-07-08 11:29:50
这个撤销/withdrawl 对应的是去年地里这个热帖:
https://www.1point3acres.com/bbs/thread-672141-1-1.html
说得太对了。没有什么救世主。我们能做到的就是团结!
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fxppnm 2021-7-9 02:35:41 | 显示全部楼层
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Take action总是好的!我们需要自己发声才能让人听到!~~这项危害广大学生的提案被撤销算是对我们take action的肯定了!~~
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总算撤销了......Trump时代的毒瘤
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thxnothx 2021-7-8 10:49:51 | 显示全部楼层
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坐等2024卷土重来eh?
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当时没少留言,也宣传周围的人一起留了言,看来是付出的回报啊!
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BobbyBear 发表于 2021-07-08 11:35:07
说得太对了。没有什么救世主。我们能做到的就是团结!
是的,下一个就是H1B abuse了
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